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"Lines on the Accession of George III"

"Lines on the Accession of George III"


1 The Old One's dead,
2 And in his stead,
3     The New One takes his place;
4 Then sing and sigh,
5 And laugh and cry,
6     With dismal cheerful face.

Expanding the poem lines (+) shows the results of a computationally facilitated analysis of the text. These results should be considered as a basis for deeper interpretative enquiry such as can be found in the notes and queries.

0 "Lines on the Accession of George III"

Metrical notation:  -+|-+/ -+|-+/ -+|-+|-+/ -+|-+/ -+|-+/ -+|-+|-+/
Metrical foot type:  iambic (-+)
Metrical foot number:  dimeter (2 feet), trimeter (3 feet)
Rhyme scheme:  aabccb
Rhyme (stanza position):  tail (aabccb)
Syllable pattern:  4.4.6.4.4.6
Stanza:  sestet (6 lines)
Genre(s):  Song to David-stanza

Notation symbols: | (foot boundary), || (caesura), / (metrical line boundary), + (metrically prominent), - (metrically non-prominent)


1 The Old One's dead,    
Rhyme:  aabccb   |   Rhyme word:  dead   |   Rhyme sound:  /ed/   |   Rhyme (line position):  end
Metre:  -+|-+/   |   Syllables:  4

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2 And in his stead,    
Rhyme:  aabccb   |   Rhyme word:  stead   |   Rhyme sound:  /ed/   |   Rhyme (line position):  end
Metre:  -+|-+/   |   Syllables:  4
Figure:  assonance (phonological): in/his /ɪ/

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3     The New One takes his place;    
Rhyme:  aabccb   |   Rhyme word:  place   |   Rhyme sound:  /eɪs/   |   Rhyme (line position):  end
Metre:  -+|-+|-+/   |   Syllables:  6
Figure:  assonance (phonological): takes/place /eɪ/
Figure:  consonance (phonological): New/One /n/

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4 Then sing and sigh,    
Rhyme:  aabccb   |   Rhyme word:  sigh   |   Rhyme sound:  /aɪ/   |   Rhyme (line position):  end
Metre:  -+|-+/   |   Syllables:  4
Figure:  alliteration (phonological): sing/sigh /s/
Figure:  consonance (phonological): sing/sigh /s/

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5 And laugh and cry,    
Rhyme:  aabccb   |   Rhyme word:  cry   |   Rhyme sound:  /aɪ/   |   Rhyme (line position):  end
Metre:  -+|-+/   |   Syllables:  4
Figure:  assonance (phonological): And/and /æ/

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6     With dismal cheerful face.    
Rhyme:  aabccb   |   Rhyme word:  face   |   Rhyme sound:  /eɪs/   |   Rhyme (line position):  end
Metre:  -+|-+|-+/   |   Syllables:  6
Figure:  assonance (phonological): With/dismal /ɪ/
Figure:  consonance (phonological): cheerful/face /f/

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Expanding the poem lines (+) shows notes and queries taken from various critical editions of Gray's works, as well as those contributed by users of the Archive. There are 1 textual and 0 explanatory notes/queries.

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0 "Lines on the Accession of George III" 1 Textual

Title/Paratext] "The only reference to these [...]" R. Lonsdale, 1969.

"The only reference to these lines occurs in Joseph Cradock's Literary Memoirs (1828) iv 224. They have never been considered seriously to be G[ray].'s[...]."

The Poems of Thomas Gray, William Collins, Oliver Goldsmith. Edited by Roger Lonsdale. Longman Annotated English Poets Series. London and Harlow: Longmans, 1969, 352.

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1 The Old One's dead,
2 And in his stead,
3     The New One takes his place;
4 Then sing and sigh,
5 And laugh and cry,
6     With dismal cheerful face.

Works cited

  • The Poems of Thomas Gray, William Collins, Oliver Goldsmith. Edited by Roger Lonsdale. Longman Annotated English Poets Series. London and Harlow: Longmans, 1969.

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Spelling has been modernized throughout, except in case of conscious archaisms. Contractions, italics and initial capitalization have been largely eliminated, except where of real import. Obvious errors have been silently corrected, punctuation has been supplied. The editor would like to express his gratitude to the library staff of the Göttingen State and University Library (SUB Göttingen) for their invaluable assistance.